Nigeria Breakup: An Unending Political Intrigues
After the unsuccessful attempt by the late Biafra warlord Odumegwu Ojukwu, as reported by Nigeria News, to break southeast away from Nigeria during the civil war of 1967 to 1970, other attempts have failed.
The annulment of the June 12, 1993, presidential election by the then Head of State, Ibrahim Babangida that saw a Yoruba man, Bashorun Moshood Kashimawo Abiola emerged as the winner also threatened the political structure of Nigeria.
The Yoruba ethnic nation threatened secession but was pacified by the military junta with the enthronement of another Yoruba Ernest Shonekan to head an interim government that was tacitly removed through a palace coup by the late military despot, Gen. Sani Abacha.
MKO Abiola was incarcerated by the maximum ruler, Abacha but after about five years, the two gladiators were erased by the military elites through the help of foreign powers.
A new interim government was inaugurated headed by Gen. Salami Abubakar and in six months, he released the former Head of State, Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo from prison and organized election that would later produce a new civil rule in Nigeria.
Obasanjo was locked up with his former deputy, Gen. Musa Yar’Adua by the despotic administration of Abacha but was set free by Abubakar.
The military manipulation saw Obasanjo, a Yoruba man contesting against another Yoruba Chief Olu Falae, who happened to be the former Secretary to the Government of the Federation in the administration of Gen. Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida.
The contest of Yorubas did not come as accident, it was the plan of the northern army to pacify the Southwestern Nigeria for their loss of Chief MKO and the killing of his wife Kudiratu Abiola by Abacha gunmen.
President Obasanjo mended the fence anyway and earned back the lost respect of Nigeria in the committee of nations. Not until after eight years of his tenure and the emergence of President Umoru Musa Yar’Adua as the country’s president in 2007 that rumours of secession began to fly around again.
The death of Yar’Adua had generated serious public debate of who to succeed him despite that the country’s constitutional provision states that the Vice President, Goodluck Jonathan would take over.
Various intrigues and political manouvres took over the polity but the intervention of the powerful political cabals ensured the inauguration of Jonathan.
Jonathan completed Yar’Adua’s administration and re-contested in 2011. He won and ruled until 2015 when he was voted out by the present administration of President Muhammadu Buhari.
Buhari had contested three times but he never won until 2015 in a keenly contested poll that brought back the clamour for secession by the Igbo ethnic nation.
Jonathan hails from Otuoke in Bayelsa State South south region of Nigeria with affinity for the southeast people who voted massively for him in the election of 2015.
He accepted defeat in the election but issues that emanated after his acceptance showed that his supporters mostly from Igbo clan were unhappy with the Nigeria structure.
They felt alienated in the present government and raised the voice again in the plot to break away from Nigeria.
It began with the declaration of Biafra Republic by the leader of Indigenous People of Biafra, Nnamdi Kanu who founded a Biafra Radio to speak the minds of the southeast in the Diaspora and within.
IPOB became a force, organized various protest against the present government until Kanu was arrested, kept in the custody and eventually released about more than a month ago.
He was released with very strict conditions not to mingle with crowd of 10 people and should not at any point organize protest against the government of the land.
While the call for Biafra was going down, the northern youths, under the auspices of the Arewa youths issued quit notice, asking the Igbo people resident in northern Nigeria to leave by October 1.
The notice sprouted another political intrigues in the story of Nigeria breakup, an endless intrigues.